Form I-864 and I-134 are Affidavits of Support forms. They are used to show that a visa applicant possesses sufficient financial aid. Thus, this applicant won’t be a public charge in the United States.
Here’s the main difference between the 2 forms. Form I-864 is completed for a visa application related to an immigrant spouse. Whereas an I-134 form is used to apply for a K1 visa as a non-immigrant fiancee.
Form I-864 is used for immigrant visas. This form is basically for foreigners who come to live in the USA regularly as holders of green cards.
Form I-134 affidavit of support that’s used for a nonimmigrant visa. At the same time, Form I-864 is essential if a foreigner is applying for an immigrant visa.
Why is It Important to Understand the Difference Between These Forms?
Here's the most obvious reason. That's because filing the wrong form can result in the denial of your visa application.
On top of that, understanding the difference is crucial because the requirements for each form vary. For example, the I-864 requires the sponsor to provide more detailed financial information than the I-134. In addition, the I-864 is legally binding and enforceable, while the I-134 is not.
Financial Responsibilities of the Sponsor in Form I-864 and Form I-134
The financial responsibilities of the sponsor in Form I-864 and Form I-134 are different. The sponsor who signs Form I-864 is responsible for providing financial support to the sponsored immigrant at 125% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines for the sponsor’s household size.
The sponsor’s responsibility lasts until the sponsored immigrant becomes a U.S. citizen, has worked for 40 quarters (10 years), dies, or permanently leaves the United States.
On the other hand, the sponsor who signs Form I-134 is responsible for providing financial support. This aid needs to be provided to the beneficiary. It should cover the duration of the whole stay of a person in the USA.
The sponsor should prove they have enough financial resources and access to the funds needed to support the beneficiary. In addition, the amount should be sufficient to support the beneficiary's stay in the United States for the whole period.
Common Mistakes to Avoid When Completing the Form I-864 and Form I-134
Some common mistakes to avoid when completing Form I-864 and Form I-134 include:
- Filing the wrong form. This is one of the most widespread mistakes among applicants.
- Filing not all forms. If you complete several I-130 petitions, you’ll need a new I-864 petition for every person.
- Absence of sufficient income. The sponsor must submit the income, which will be enough to meet the minimum requirements for the household size.
- Providing incorrect documentation. The sponsor must provide the correct documentation to prove they meet the income requirements.
Hopefully, now you have a complete understanding of the differences between Form I-864 and Form I-134.
Last Updated 03/26/23 01:12:17AM